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Hall of Fame - Horses

Name Inducted Biography
Rachel Alexandra 2016

Rachel Alexandra decimated the Kentucky Oaks field by an astonishing 20¼ lengths … she became the first filly to win the Preakness Stakes in 85 years … she romped by 19¼ lengths in a record-setting Mother Goose performance … she crushed the Belmont Stakes winner during a tour-de-force effort in the Haskell … and for the cherry on top she delivered a spine-tingling performance that was all heart in winning a historic edition of the Woodward at Saratoga.

 

Tom Ochiltree 2016

Originally purchased for the bargain price of $500 by John F. Chamberlain at the 1873 Woodburn Stud Farm yearling sale, Tom Ochiltree was a massive bay colt that stood 17 hands when fully developed. One of the last great sons of the mighty stallion Lexington, Tom Ochiltree established himself as an elite runner in the 1870s, winning the 1875 Preakness Stakes and later several prestigious distance races for owner George Lorillard’s Westbrook Stable.

 

Zenyatta 2016

Throughout her historic four years on the American turf, Zenyatta was affectionately known as “The Queen” by her most ardent fans, an appropriate moniker considering the way she ruled racing throughout her exceptional career.

 

Billy Kelly 2015

Billy Kelly was an overshadowed stablemate of America’s first Triple Crown winner, Sir Barton, and as a result did not receive the notoriety his accomplishments likely would have commanded under different circumstances.

 

Lava Man 2015

The story of Lava Man is a rags-to-riches tale of a former claimer that began his career at a county fair and went on to defy the odds and become one of the most successful and popular racehorses of the first decade of the 21st century.

 

Xtra Heat 2015

Sprinters, as a rule, aren’t asked to carry their speed very far, just very fast. Few were faster or more successful on the racetrack during the first decade of the 21st century, male or female, than champion filly Xtra Heat.

 

Ashado Ashado 2014

A force as a juvenile and a champion at ages 3 and 4, Ashado was a model of consistent excellence on the racetrack.

 

Clifford Clifford 2014

Upon his retirement in 1897, the New York Times described Clifford as “one of the most brilliant performers the American turf has ever known.”

 

Curlin Curlin 2014

Named in honor of a slave who fought in the Civil War, Curlin made his career debut as a 3-year-old in February 2007 with a dazzling 12¾-length victory at Gulfstream Park. The scintillating performance prompted a private purchase by a partnership headed by majority shareholder Jess Jackson of Stonestreet Stables.

 

Housebuster 2013

The first horse in more than 20 years to win consecutive division championships as a sprinter, Housebuster was known for decimating his competition by wide margins.

 

Invasor 2013

Described as a “once in a lifetime” horse by trainer Kiaran McLaughlin, Invasor defined himself as an elite thoroughbred by winning in three countries, at seven tracks and in some of the world’s most prestigious races.

 

Lure 2013

Lure set a track record in his career debut on the dirt at Belmont Park, but it was the son of Danzig’s prowess on the turf, highlighted by consecutive Breeders' Cup Mile victories, that led to his

McDynamo 2013

A winner of 11 Grade 1 steeplechase events, McDynamo retired in 2007 as the all-time leader in jump earnings with $1,310,104.

 

Tuscalee 2013

    Tuscalee’s accomplishments have weathered the test of time and remain as standards in the sport of steeplechase racing. More than 40 years since his final race, Tuscalee still owns the all-time North American records for victories in a single season (10) and career (37) for steeplechasers.

 

Ghostzapper 2012

Bred in Kentucky by owner Frank Stronach at Adena Springs, Ghostzapper was one of the most spectacular racehorses of the 21st century’s first decade.

 

Planet 2012

Following the retirement of the great Lexington, Maj. Thomas Doswell’s Planet was considered the finest racehorse in America in the years leading up to the Civil War.

 

Duke of Magenta 2011

Foaled at Kentucky’s famed Woodburn Stud, Duke of Magenta was one of the most accomplished sons of the legendary stallion Lexington and turned in one of the most prolific campaigns of the 19th century as a 3-year-old in 1878.

 

Open Mind 2011

A two-time Eclipse Award winner, Open Mind was a chestnut filly bred in New Jersey by Due Process Stables. Trained by D Wayne Lukas, Open Mind won seven Grade 1 races in her career and fashioned a 10-race win streak.

 

Safely Kept 2011

    Safely Kept was the pride of Maryland, but she was a star everywhere she raced. Bred in Maryland at David and JoAnn Hayden’s Dark Hollow Farm, Safely Kept (by Horatius—Safely Home, by Winning Hit) contested her entire 2-year-old campaign in her home state, winning three of five starts, including two stakes, in 1988.

Sky Beauty 2011

    Bred in Kentucky by Sugar Maple Farm, Sky Beauty showed tremendous promise at age 2, developed into a force at age 3, and was a champion at age 4. She won at distances ranging from five furlongs to the classic 1¼ miles. She proved she could carry weight. She proved she could handle the big stage that is New York racing.

 

Azeri Azeri 2010

Bred in Kentucky by Allen E. Paulson, Azeri was one of the most accomplished thoroughbreds of the 21st century’s first decade, finishing her career with 12 Grade 1 victories.

Best Pal 2010

Best Pal won 17 stakes races — including the inaugural running of the Pacific Classic — and retired as the all-time earnings leader among California-breds with $5,668,245.

 

Harry Bassett 2010

One of the greatest horses of the 1870s, Harry Bassett was a champion as a 2-year-old, an undefeated champion as a sophomore and a top handicapper at age 4. He won 14 races in a row and at one point won 17 of 18 starts.

 

Point Given 2010

Named Horse of the Year in 2001, Point Given became the first thoroughbred to win four consecutive $1 million races when he won the Preakness, Belmont, Haskell and Travers in succession that year.

Ben Nevis II 2009

Named for a mountain in Scotland, Ben Nevis II became the third American-based horse — joining Battleship and Jay Trump — to win the historic Grand National Steeplechase at Aintree, England, accomplishing the feat at odds of 40-1 in 1980.

 

Silverbulletday 2009

      Silverbulletday won her debut by 11 lengths and quickly established herself as a standout. She spent the rest of her career in stakes company and was voted the Champion 2-Year-Old Filly of 1998 and Champion 3-Year-Old Filly of 1999.

 

Tiznow 2009

    Tiznow began his career in obscurity as an unraced California-bred 2-year-old, but he concluded his days on the track as a true superstar and the first back-to-back winner of the Breeders’ Cup

Ancient Title Ancient Title 2008

A homebred for William and Ethel Kirkland, Ancient Title won 20 stakes, including 17 graded events, in seven years of competition.

Inside Information 2008

Bred and owned by Ogden Mills “Dinny” Phipps, Inside Information was named the Eclipse Award winner for Champion Older Female in 1995 when she won five graded stakes, including a 13½-length victory in the Breeders’ Cup Distaff at Belmont Park in her final career start.

 

Manila 2008

Manila was a maiden three starts into his career when Bradley Shannon purchased the colt prior to his 3-year-old campaign. In his next 15 races, however, Manila won 12 times and never finished worse than second, winning an Eclipse Award and a Breeders’ Cup in the process.

 

Mom's Command 2007

Mom’s Command won her career debut on July 17, 1984 in the Faneuil Miss Stakes at Rockingham Park at odds of 44-to-1. A new star had unexpectedly arrived on the scene.

Silver Charm 2007

  Silver Charm became a fan favorite with his gritty challenge for the Triple Crown in 1997. He defeated Captain Bodgit and Free House in gallant finishes in both the Kentucky Derby and Preakness, but was upset by less than a length by Touch Gold in the Belmont Stakes. At the end of the season he was elected the champion threeyear- old male.

 

Swoon's Son 2007

  

  Foaled at owner-breeder E. Gay Drake’s Mineola Farm in Lexington, Ky. on Friday, February 13, 1953, Swoon’s Son developed into a distinguished runner who dominated stakes company in Chicago and the Midwest. Swoon’s Son showed speed, class, and rugged durability as he won a total of 22 stakes and defeated champions such as Round Table and Needles during his four-year career.

 

Cougar II 2006

Bred in Chile, Cougar II was a major stakes winner in his home country before enjoying success on both dirt and turf in America and winning the 1972 Eclipse Award for Champion Grass Horse.

Lonesome Glory 2005

The first steeplechase horse to win five Eclipse Awards and the first to earn more than $1 million, Lonesome Glory was the most dominant American jumper of the 1990s, as he was named champion in 1992, 1993, 1995, 1997 and 1999.

 

Bowl of Flowers 2004

From the spring of her 2-year-old campaign in 1960 through her final race the following year, Bowl of Flowers was at the top of her class.

 

Flawlessly 2004

A nine-time Grade 1 winner and the Eclipse Award winner for Champion Grass Mare in 1992 and 1993, Flawlessly won three consecutive editions of both the Matriarch Stakes and Ramona Handicap during her illustrious career, as well as back-to-back runnings of the Beverly Hills Handicap.

 

Skip Away 2004

   During his four seasons of racing, Skip Away was a champion for three consecutive years and won 16 stakes events.

Dance Smartly 2003

Dance Smartly was the second filly to win the Canadian Triple Crown and the first Canadian-bred horse to win a Breeders’ Cup race.

 

Precisionist 2003

Bred and owned by Fred W. Hooper, Precisionist was a versatile campaigner, blessed with the speed of a sprinter and the ability to handle longer distances. Named the Eclipse Award winner for Outstanding Sprinter in 1985, Precisionist won a total of 13 graded stakes, including six Grade 1 events.

 

Cigar 2002

Named after a navigational intersection for airplanes by aerospace magnate Allen Paulson, Cigar was foaled at Country Life Farm near Bel Air, Md. After enjoying modest success early in his career, Cigar won back-to-back Horse of the Year awards, compiled a 16-race win streak and retired with the all-time record for purse earnings in North America.

 

Noor 2002

Noor’s eventual greatness on the racetrack was anything but predictable, as he hardly seemed destined to become an elite racehorse while competing without distinction for the Aga Khan in England early in his career.

 

Serena's Song 2002

   Serena’s Song was sired by Rahy out of Imagining, by Northfields and was bred in Kentucky by Dr. Howard Baker.

Holy Bull 2001

Horse of the Year and Champion 3-Year-Old Male in 1994, Holy Bull was bred in Florida by Rachel Carpenter’s Pelican Stable. He was owned and trained by Jimmy Croll after Carpenter died prior to the horse’s career debut in 1993 at Monmouth Park.

 

Maskette 2001

Regarded as the top 2-year-old filly of 1908 and the best 3-year-old filly in 1909, Maskette never lost a race against her own gender.

 

Paseana 2001

Imported from Argentina as a 4-year-old in 1991, Paseana became a two-time Eclipse Award winner under the care of trainer Ron McAnally.

 

A.P. Indy 2000

A Grade 1 winner as a 2-year-old, A.P. Indy won three Grade 1 races at age 3 — the Santa Anita Derby, Belmont Stakes and Breeders’ Cup Classic —  en route to Horse of the Year honors in 1992.

Needles 2000

The first Florida-bred to win the Kentucky Derby, Needles was a crowd favorite known to come from far off the pace to win in thrilling style.

 

Winning Colors 2000

   Gene Klein purchased Winning Colors from Echo Valley Farm and turned her over to D. Wayne Lukas for training.

Exceller 1999

A successful international runner on both dirt and turf, Exceller won stakes races in the United States, Canada, England and France and became the first horse to defeat two Triple Crown winners in the same race when he beat Seattle Slew and Affirmed in the 1978 Jockey Club Gold Cup.

 

Gun Bow 1999

 

Bred by Maine Chance Farm, Gun Bow was unraced as a 2-year-old because of soundness issues. In December 1962, he was purchased by Harry Albert and Mrs. John Stanley, who raced the son of Gun Shot under the name of Gedney Farms.

 

Miesque 1999

Bred in Kentucky, Miesque shined on the international stage in England and France, but it was her two epic performances in the Breeders’ Cup Mile that secured her legacy.

 

Bayakoa, Laffit Pincay, Jr., up Bayakoa 1998

A bay daughter of Consultants Bid out of the Good Manners mare Arlucea, Bayakoa won back-to-back editions of the Breeders’ Cup Distaff in 1989 and 1990 and was named Champion Older Female in each of those seasons.

 

Fort Marcy 1998

A three-time grass champion, Fort Marcy was named Horse of the Year and Champion Older Male Horse by Daily Racing Form in 1970. He set three course records — all at 1½ miles — during his six-year career.  

 

Riva Ridge 1998

   Riva Ridge was foaled in 1969 and was a homebred for Christopher Chenery's Meadow Stud. The bay colt was sired by First Landing out of the mare Iberia, by Heliopolis.

Bold 'n Determined 1997

Bold ’n Determined was a precocious 2-year-old, winning all four of her starts as a juvenile in 1979, but that was only the beginning for this standout as she won from coast to coast as a sophomore the following year and proved to be an excellent handicapper as a 4-year-old.

 

Easy Goer 1997

A nine-time Grade 1 winner, Easy Goer ran the second-fastest Belmont Stakes in history and set the record for the fastest mile by a 3-year-old in racing history.

 

Granville 1997

Recognized as Horse of the Year in 1936 — the first year of formal voting — Granville was a son of Triple Crown winner Gallant Fox out of the Sarmatian mare Gravita.

 

A homebred for the Belair Stud of William Woodward, Sr., Granville was trained by James “Sunny Jim” Fitzsimmons and arrived at the races as a 2-year-old in 1935. After four unsuccessful attempts, Granville broke his maiden Sept. 7, 1935 at Aqueduct for his only victory as a juvenile.

 

Go for Wand 1996

Known to give her racehorses unusual names, Jane du Pont Lunger of Christiana Stable came with Go for Wand from the obscure phrase, “going for a wand to protect yourself from an obeah or ‘voodoo’ curse.”

 

Sun Beau Sun Beau 1996

   Sun Beau set a record for career earnings despite the handicap of having eight trainers in five years.

Sunday Silence Sunday Silence 1996

   Sunday Silence had an impressive race record; he never placed lower than second in the 14 starts of his career.

Crusader 1995

Bred and owned by Sam Riddle, Crusader was sired by Man o’ War out of the Star Shoot mare Star Fancy. Crusader was recognized as Horse of the Year in 1926 and became the first horse to win consecutive runnings of the Suburban Handicap.

 

Foolish Pleasure 1995

An undefeated Eclipse Award winner as a 2-year-old, Foolish Pleasure won the Kentucky Derby in 1975 and was a successful handicapper as a 4-year-old, winning the Donn Handicap and defeating Kelso in the Suburban Handicap.

 

La Prevoyante 1995

Bred in Canada by Jean-Louis Levesque, La Prevoyante was a champion in her home country as well as the United States. Undefeated in 12 starts as a juvenile in 1972, La Prevoyante won the Eclipse Award for Champion 2-Year-Old Filly, as well as the corresponding Sovereign Award that year, and was also named Canadian Horse of the Year.

 

Arts and Letters Arts and Letters 1994

Bred in Virginia by Paul Mellon and trained by Elliot Burch, Arts and Letters enjoyed a magical season in 1969, winning several of the most prestigious races in America.

 

Eight Thirty 1994

Bred and owned by George D. Widener, Eight Thirty showed promise as a 2-year-old by winning the Christiana Stakes and Flash Stakes before coming into his own midway through his 3-year-old campaign in 1939.

 

Flatterer 1994

Flatterer was the most dominant American steeplechaser of the 1980s, winning four consecutive Eclipse Awards from 1983 through 1986.

 

Ta Wee 1994

   Ta Wee's unusual name translates from the Sioux language as "Beautiful Girl".

Alysheba Alysheba 1993

Alysheba was a champion as a 3-year-old, Horse of the Year at age 4 and retired with the highest purse earnings in the history of the sport.

 

Cavalcade 1993

Bred in New Jersey by F. Wallis Armstrong, Cavalcade raced for Mrs. Isabel Dodge Sloane’s Brookmeade Stable after being purchased for $1,200 at the 1932 Saratoga yearling sales upon the advice of trainer Robert A. Smith.

 

Personal Ensign 1993

The Eclipse Award winner for Champion Older Female in 1988, Personal Ensign went undefeated in 13 career starts from 1986 through 1988.

 

Johnstown 1992

Bred in Kentucky by Arthur B. Hancock, Sr. at Claiborne Farm, Johnstown was a bay son of Jamestown out of the Sir Gallahad III mare La France. Owned by William Woodward, Sr. and campaigned under his Belair Stud banner, Johnstown won both the Kentucky Derby and Belmont Stakes during an outstanding sophomore season in 1939.

 

Lady's Secret 1992

Weighing only about 900 pounds, Lady’s Secret was small in stature, but proved to be an extraordinary racehorse nonetheless. Bred by Robert H. Spreen at Lucas Farm in Oklahoma, Lady’s Secret was purchased for $200,000 by Mr. and Mrs. Eugene Klein and sent to trainer D. Wayne Lukas.

 

Slew o'Gold 1992

   Slew o'Gold was Champion 3-Year-Old Colt of 1983 and Champion Older Male of 1984.

Black Helen Black Helen 1991

A diminutive filly who stood barely 15 hands and weighed only about 900 pounds during her racing days, Black Helen was proof good things can come in small packages.

 

Hill Prince 1991

Bred and owned by Christopher T. Chenery, Hill Prince won six of seven starts as a juvenile before a Horse of the Year campaign at age 3 and further success as an older horse.

 

Princess Rooney 1991

Described by trainer Neil Drysdale as a “big, strong, plain Amazon of a gray mare,” Princess Rooney was a model of consistent excellence throughout her career, finishing off the board only once in 21 starts. She won an Eclipse Award and eight graded races, including six Grade 1 events.

 

All Along 1990

French-bred filly All Along won four major races in the span of 41 days during 1983 en route to becoming the first foreign-based horse to be voted Horse of the Year in the United States.

The Blood Horse Bimelech 1990

Undefeated as a 2-year-old, Bimelech won the Preakness Stakes and Belmont Stakes in 1940 and went on to enjoy a successful career as a stallion.

 

John Henry 1990

John Henry was an undersized gelding that lacked ideal conformation and the product of an undistinguished sire out of an obscure mare. Sold for $1,100 at Keeneland in January of 1976, John Henry outran his pedigree in an astonishing career that resulted in him becoming one of the most accomplished and popular racehorses of the 20th century with career earnings of $6,951,860, which set an all-time record.

 

Zaccio 1990

   Zaccio was the steeplechase champion for three years in a row, 1980-82.

Affectionately 1989

A winner of 18 stakes races, Affectionately was a dark bay daughter of Swaps out of the War Admiral mare Searching.

Alydar Alydar 1989

Bred and campaigned by Calumet Farm and trained by John Veitch, Alydar won 11 stakes races in his career and finished second to Affirmed in each of the Triple Crown races in 1978.

 

Black Gold 1989

According to legend, Al Hoots had a vision as he was dying that his mare Useeit would be bred to Col. E. R. Bradley’s stallion Black Toney and that the resulting foal would win the Kentucky Derby.

 

Chris Evert 1988

Chris Evert was bred in Kentucky by Echo Valley Farm and purchased by Carl Rosen, owner of the clothing manufacturer Puritan Fashions Corp. Rosen named the daughter of Swoon’s Son after the emerging tennis star he had recently signed to endorse his company’s line of sportswear.

 

Emperor of Norfolk 1988

Prior to the emergence of Swaps in the 1950s, Emperor of Norfolk was unquestionably the best racehorse to ever come out of California.

 

Majestic Prince 1988

The first horse to win both the Kentucky Derby and Preakness Stakes while undefeated, Majestic Prince also achieved fame as a record-priced auction yearling.

 

Bred in Kentucky by Spendthrift Farm’s Leslie Combs II, Majestic Price was purchased for $250,000 by Canadian oilman Frank McMahon at the 1967 Keeneland July yearling sale and sent to trainer Johnny Longden, formerly one of America’s most accomplished jockeys.

 

Gallant Man 1987

Gallant Man was one of the leaders of the outstanding crop of 3-year-olds of 1957 along with Bold Ruler, Round Table and Iron Liege. Bred in England by His Highness The Aga Khan III and Prince Aly Khan, Gallant Man was named for a horse in a Don Ameche movie.

 

Real Delight 1987

   Real Delight missed her 2-year-old season due to injury but made up for lost time at 3.

Ack Ack 1986

Named after the guns of war, Ack Ack was the final horse bred and raced by Harry Guggenheim.

Genuine Risk 1986

The second filly to win the Kentucky Derby, Genuine Risk was selected from the 1978 Fasig-Tipton Kentucky July yearling sale by 14-year-old Matthew Firestone, whose parents, Bert and Diana Firestone, paid $32,000 for the chestnut by Exclusive Native.

 

Hamburg 1986

Legendary jockey Tod Sloan, who rode hundreds of good horses in America and Europe, stated flatly: “Hamburg was the only great horse I ever rode.”

 

Cafe Prince 1985

Bred in California, two-time Eclipse Award winner Café Prince was purchased by George Strawbridge Jr. for $17,000 at the Saratoga Yearling Sales in 1971. He went on to win the American Grand National, two editions of the Colonial Cup, International Gold Cup and Lovely Night Steeplechase and set course records at Saratoga and Fair Hill while racing through age 10.

 

Davona Dale 1985

Davona Dale helped resurrect the glory days for Calumet Farm with her sensational 1979 campaign in which she won the old Filly Triple Crown consisting of the Kentucky Oaks, Black-Eyed Susan and Coaching Club American Oaks as well as the New York Filly Triple, taking the Acorn and Mother Goose to compliment her CCAO victory.

 

Fairmount 1985

Bred and owned by Joseph E. Widener, Fairmount was one of the top steeplechasers of the 1920s, winning three consecutive editions of the prestigious Temple Gwathmey Steeplechase.

 

Henry of Navarre 1985

Bred in New Jersey by Lucien O. Appleby in 1891, Henry of Navarre was a son of 1884 Preakness Stakes winner Knight of Ellerslie. He was sold privately to Kentucky horseman Byron McClelland, who raced him in his green and gold silks at ages 2 and 3, while also serving as trainer.

 

Tim Tam 1985

   Calumet Farm narrowly missed having three Triple Crown winners.

Parole 1984

Revered as an equine hero in both America and England, the mighty Parole cemented his legacy as one of the finest racehorses of the 19th century during a fascinating 11-year career that was defined by durability, determination and a series of masterful performances in marquee events.

 

Tosmah 1984

    Tosmah lost only one of her eight starts at 2 with her most important victory being the Frizette. She shared her 2-year-old championship with Castle Forbes.

Coaltown 1983

Known for his extraordinary speed, Calumet Farm’s Coaltown equaled three world records and broke four track records during his four-year career.

 

Kentucky 1983

As some of the darkest days of the Civil War brought widespread death and destruction to the South, an equine hero was rising to prominence at the new Saratoga Race Course in upstate New York. Although most things that hailed from the South at the time were regarded with contempt in the North, the remarkable racehorse Kentucky proved to be an exception.

 

Zev 1983

   Breeder John E. Madden provided two impressive colts, Zev and Grey Lag, to the well known Rancocas Stable.

Princess Doreen 1982

At the time of her retirement in 1927, Princess Doreen was the greatest money-earning filly or mare of all time with $174,745 earned in 94 career starts.

 

Spectacular Bid 1982

   The Meyerhoff family paid $37,000 for Spectacular Bid, and they picked a winner.

Ten Broeck 1982

   Ten Broeck was a remarkable combination of stamina and speed during the years when heat racing was still popular. He established six time records at distances from one to four miles.

Two Lea 1982

   A Calumet homebred, Two Lea was among the superb fillies trained by Ben and Jimmy Jones.

Dahlia 1981

Bred and owned by Texas oilman Nelson Bunker Hunt, Dahlia earned international fame for her ability to beat the boys in some of the most prestigious races in North America and Europe.

 

Firenze 1981

A standout distance runner who regularly defeated the top colts of her era, Firenze became the second American filly to earn $100,000 in her career. She twice lowered the clocking for the fastest 1½ miles on record and was a model of consistent excellence against top competition throughout her six-year career.

 

Roamer 1981

   Roamer was sired by a farm teaser out of a blind mare. Legend says that either the sire or the mare jumped the fence---giving rise to the name Roamer.

Seattle Slew 1981

   Seattle Slew's purchase price of $17,500 was a bargain for the Taylor and Hill families.

Affirmed Affirmed 1980

Affirmed became America’s 11th Triple Crown winner in 1978 during the first of his back-to-back Horse of the Year campaigns.

Devil Diver 1980

Bred and campaigned by Greentree Stable, Devil Diver overcame a foot defect to thrive at a variety of distances under demanding weight assignments.

 

Fashion 1980

Fashion was the undisputed Queen of the Turf in the 1840s and was described by historian John Hervey as “the greatest race mare ever produced in America.”

 

Gamely 1980

Recognized as a champion each year she competed, Gamely stood 16.2 hands and her enormous size prevented her from being ready to race as a 2-year-old. Bred by Claiborne Farm and owned by William Haggin Perry, Gamely made a major impact as a sophomore in 1967 and also thrived at ages 4 and 5.

 

Desert Vixen 1979

An Eclipse Award winner at ages 3 and 4, the front-running Desert Vixen was purchased for $40,000 as a 2-year-old by Harry Mangurian, Jr, from the estate of breeder Muriel Vanderbilt Adams.

Forego 1979

A three-time Horse of the Year and winner of eight Eclipse Awards, Forego was one of the most accomplished and popular horses of the 1970s.

 

Myrtlewood 1979

Bred and raced by Brownell Combs, Myrtlewood set or equaled five track records and was recognized as champion sprinter and champion older female in 1926.

 

Whisk Broom II 1979

   A. Jack Joyner purchased Whisk Broom II from breeder S.S. Brown for $2,500 and then sold the colt to H.P. Whitney for the same price.

Native Diver 1978

The first California-bred to earn $1 million and the winner of 34 stakes races in his seven-year career, Native Diver became one of the most popular and successful geldings in American racing history.

 

Oedipus 1978

Bred by the late Col. E. R. Bradley’s Idle Hour Stock Farm, Oedipus was America’s champion steeplechaser in 1950 and 1951 and shared the honor in 1952 with Jam.

 

Reigh Count 1978

   Reigh Count was bred by Willis Sharpe Kilmer and sold to Mrs. John D. Hertz, who struck gold in her purchase of the colt.

Searching 1978

   Sunny Jim Fitzsimmons was Searching's original trainer.

Silver Spoon 1978

   Silver Spoon overcame a faulty gait caused by a hip injury while still a foal and became the Champion 3-year-old filly of 1956.

Bewitch 1977

One of Bull Lea’s three Hall of Fame foals from the crop of 1945 — along with Citation and Coaltown — Bewitch retired in 1951 with the highest career earnings of any female racehorse at $462,605.

 

Challedon 1977

Bred in Maryland by William L. Brann and Robert S. Castle, Challedon was recognized as Horse of the Year in 1939 and 1940.

 

Gallant Bloom 1977

Gallant Bloom, bred and owned by King Ranch’s Robert J. Kleberg, Jr., won a total of 12 stakes races in her career and posted a 12-race win streak stretching from her juvenile season into her 4-year-old campaign.

 

L'Escargot 1977

Bred in Ireland, L’Escargot was America’s champion steeplechaser in 1969 when he won the Meadow Brook Handicap at Belmont in record time, but his greatest achievement took place six years later when he won England’s prestigious Grand National at the age of 12. In between, he won consecutive editions of the Cheltenham Gold Cup and earned a reputation as a crowd favorite.

 

Sword Dancer 1977

   Sword Dancer was Champion 3-Year-Old and Horse of the Year for 1959.

Alsab 1976

Alsab proved to be one of the greatest bargains in racing history.

Bed o' Roses 1976

A bay filly by Rosemont out of the Discovery mare Good Thing, Bed o’ Roses was the top 2-year-old filly of 1949 and the best older mare of 1951.

 

Bon Nouvel 1976

Bon Nouvel — meaning “good news” in French — was the stop steeplechaser in North America in 1964, 1965 and 1968.

Northern Dancer 1976

A hero on the racetrack and a legend as a stallion, Northern Dancer won major races such as the Kentucky Derby and Preakness Stakes and had a monumental impact on the sport through the remarkable success of his progeny.

 

Ruffian 1976

    Ruffian's race record makes her a memorable filly. But, it was her match with Foolish Pleasure that made her one of the best loved horses of recent memory.

Susan's Girl 1976

    At 3 Susan's Girl won the Kentucky Oaks, Acorn Stakes, and set a record against older rivals in the Beldame. She was named Champion 3-year-old filly of 1972.

Carry Back 1975

At the time of his retirement, Carry Back ranked fourth all time in earnings with $1,241,165, trailing only Round Table, Kelso and Nashua.

 

Ruthless 1975

   Ruthless was the first and the most formidable of five champion fillies sired by Eclipse out of the mare Barbarity.

Shuvee 1975

Shuvee won New York's Filly Triple Crown and is the only filly to beat colts in the two-mile Jockey Club Gold Cup, a feat she accomplished twice, in 1970 and 1971.

Stymie 1975

   Claimed for $1,500 at 2 by trainer Hirsch Jacobs, Stymie ultimately became the first Thoroughbred to earn $900,000.

Damascus 1974

Damascus was named Horse of the Year and set a single-season earnings record in 1967 when he turned in one of the most impressive seasons by a 3-year-old colt in racing history.

 

Dark Mirage 1974

Regarded as small, scrawny and cheap, Dark Mirage overcame humble beginnings to become the first New York Filly Triple Crown winner during her brilliant 1968 campaign.

 

Secretariat 1974

Secretariat became the first Triple Crown winner in 25 years when he swept the 1973 Kentucky Derby, Preakness Stakes and Belmont Stakes, winning each race in record time. In the process, the son of Bold Ruler became an American icon and carved out an enduring legacy as one of the greatest racehorses in history.

 

Bold Ruler 1973

A son of Nasrullah out of the Discovery mare Miss Disco, Bold Ruler was bred and raced by Gladys Mills Phipps’ Wheatley Stable and foaled at Claiborne Farm in Paris, Ky.

Pan Zareta 1972

One of the most durable and consistent racehorses in the sport’s history, Pan Zareta won 76 races, more than any filly or mare in history. Her remarkable exploits included carrying 130 pounds or more 28 times and setting or equaling 11 track records.

 

Round Table 1972

Round Table set course records on the turf and on the dirt at 1 1/16, 1 1/8, 1 1/4, and 1 5/8 miles. He was Champion Grass Horse 1957-59, and Champion Handicap Male and Horse of the Year in 1958.

Dr. Fager 1971

Dr. Fager recorded one of the greatest campaigns in the annals of American racing when he was named Horse of the Year, Champion Older Horse, Champion Grass Horse and Champion Sprinter in 1968.

 

Jay Trump 1971

Jay Trump was a true rags-to-riches story, rising from the claiming ranks as a flat racer to winning some of the most prestigious prizes as a steeplechaser, including the famed English Grand National and three editions of the Maryland Hunt Cup.

 

Longfellow 1971

Longfellow was referred to as the “King of the Turf” during the 1870s. Racing historian Walter Vosburgh said Longfellow was “beyond question the most celebrated horse of the 1870s. No other horse of his day was a greater object of public notice. His entire career was sensational; people seemed to regard him as a superhorse.”

 

American Eclipse 1970

In 1814, a quarter-century after the death of the undefeated English racehorse Eclipse, Gen. Nathaniel Coles of Queens County, N.Y., bred a chestnut colt he thought was destined for greatness and named him American Eclipse.

 

Buckpasser 1970

The product of superior breeding, Buckpasser fulfilled the great promise of his impressive pedigree.

Battleship 1969

Battleship was the first winner of the English Grand National owned and bred by an American. Foaled in 1927 at Walter J. Salmon’s Mereworth Farm in Kentucky, Battleship was a son of Man o’ War out of the Sea Sick mare Quarantaine.

 

Discovery 1969

Purchased late in his 2-year-old year by Alfred G. Vanderbilt II, Discovery came into his own as a 3-year-old in 1934 and dominated the handicap division the next two years.

 

Old Rosebud 1968

Old Rosebud was the undisputed king of the comeback.

 

In a career that spanned almost a decade, Old Rosebud displayed his fierce competitive nature and the courage of a champion time and again by overcoming a series of significant injuries to become one of the greatest racehorses in the annals of American racing.

 

Bushranger 1967

Originally intended to be a flat racer, Bushranger made his mark when converted to a steeplechaser as a 4-year-old. He went on to become one of the sport's most prolific jumpers.

 

Cicada 1967

A champion at ages 2, 3 and 4, Cicada was known as America’s “Queen of the Turf” during her heyday from 1961 through 1963.

 

Kelso 1967

Named Horse of the Year for five consecutive years from 1960 through 1964, Kelso was one of the most accomplished and unique thoroughbreds in the annals of American racing.

 

Miss Woodford 1967

A champion in each of her five years on the track and the first racehorse to surpass $100,000 in career earnings, Miss Woodford is considered to be among the finest American thoroughbreds of the 19th century.

 

Elkridge 1966

America’s champion steeplechaser in 1942 and 1946, Elkridge won 31 races in his career and retired in 1951 at the age of 13 as the all-time leader in steeplechase earnings with $230,680.

 

Neji 1966

America’s most prolific steeplechaser in the 1950s, Neji was bred at Marion du Pont Scott’s Montpelier in Virginia. A chestnut gelding, Neji was sold as a weanling to Rigan McKinney, who resold him as a maiden 3-year-old to Mrs. Ogden Phipps.

 

Swaps 1966

   Swaps was the best horse to come out of California in years. He set five world records at a mile or more, three track records, and equalled an American turf record.

Top Flight 1966

   Despite her unpromising pedigree and temperamental nature, trainer Tom Healey transformed Top Flight into one of the best 2-year-old fillies of this century.

Imp 1965

Bred in Ohio and nicknamed “My Coal Black Lady” after a popular song of the era, Imp won 62 races in her six years on the turf and earned lasting fame as the first mare to win the Suburban Handicap.

 

Jolly Roger 1965

A flashy chestnut with four white stockings and a broad blaze, Jolly Roger developed from a nondescript flat racer into one of the top steeplechasers of the 20th century.

 

Nashua 1965

Bred by William Woodward, Sr. under his Belair Stud banner, Nashua was trained by James “Sunny Jim” Fitzsimmons, who won the Triple Crown twice for Belair in the 1930s with Gallant Fox and Omaha. Unfortunately, Woodward died in 1953 and never had the opportunity to see Nashua’s brilliance on the racetrack.

 

Omaha 1965

Bred and raced by William Woodward, Sr., Omaha became America’s third Triple Crown winner when he achieved the feat in 1935. A son of 1930 Triple Crown winner Gallant Fox, also bred and owned by Woodward, Omaha was trained by “Sunny Jim” Fitzsimmons.

 

Assault 1964

Bred in Texas by King Ranch, Assault was a son of 1936 Kentucky Derby and Preakness Stakes winner Bold Venture out of the Equipoise mare Igual.

Busher 1964

A small chestnut daughter of Triple Crown winner War Admiral out of the Bubbling Over mare Baby league, Busher was bred at Col. E. R. Bradley’s famed Idle Hour Stock Farm and raced in Bradley’s colors as a 2-year-old.

 

Armed Armed 1963

Armed was not an instant sensation as a racehorse. A son of Bull Lea out of the Chance Shot mare Armful, Armed was small, headstrong and averse to being trained.

Native Dancer 1963

Known as the “Gray Ghost,” Native Dancer was one of the most prolific racehorses of the 20th century, winning 21 of his 22 lifetime starts and becoming the sport’s first television superstar. He appeared on the cover of Time magazine and was a fan favorite everywhere he raced.

 

Twilight Tear 1963

   In her first year of racing Twilight Tear shared 2-year-old filly honors with Durazna. Twilight Tear's most important race that year was the Arlington Lassie, which she won by 2 1/2 lengths.

Count Fleet 1962

America’s sixth Triple Crown winner, Count Fleet was a son of 1928 Kentucky Derby winner Reigh Count out of the Haste mare Quickly.

 

Gallorette 1962

In a 1955 poll of trainers, Gallorette was voted the greatest filly in American racing history, beating the likes of Regret, Twilight Tear, Top Flight, Miss Woodford, Beldame and Bewitch.

 

Tom Fool 1960

   Tom Fool was Champion 2-Year-Old in 1951 and Horse of the Year in 1953.

Citation 1959

Bred and owned by Calumet Farm, Citation became America’s eighth Triple Crown winner in 1948, fashioned a 16-race win streak and was the first horse with $1 million in career earnings.

 

Whirlaway 1959

   Whirlaway was one of a number of superb horses owned by Calumet Farm and trained by Ben Jones.

Seabiscuit 1958

   Seabiscuit's career began slowly and consisted primarily of claiming races. By age 4 he was setting track records and earning championship awards.

War Admiral 1958

The mighty Man o’ War sired several tremendous racehorses during his distinguished stallion career, but one son stood out from all others — War Admiral.

 

Blue Larkspur 1957

Blue Larkspur is considered the best of the 128 stakes winners bred by his owner, Col. E. R. Bradley, at Idle Hour Stock Farm.

 

Equipoise 1957

Known as “The Chocolate Soldier,” the popular and gritty Equipoise was an outstanding 2-year-old and later became a top handicapper for three seasons during the 1930s even though he battled chronic foot ailments throughout his career.

 

Exterminator 1957

Exterminator never won a beauty contest, and he certainly didn’t dazzle in any conformation photos, but on the racetrack he was a gritty hero during a golden age in racing and one of the most triumphant warriors in the history of the American turf.

 

Gallant Fox 1957

America’s second Triple Crown winner, Gallant Fox set a single-season earnings record in 1930 that stood for 16 years and had the highest career purse earnings at the time of his retirement.

 

Grey Lag 1957

The legendary John Madden, one of the top breeders and trainers in American racing history, described Grey Lag as the best of the 182 stakes winners he bred. That’s an impressive statement considering Madden bred five Kentucky Derby winners, five Belmont Stakes winners and the first American Triple Crown champion.

 

Man o' War 1957

The 1920s are considered a golden age for sports heroes in America. Babe Ruth emerged as a cultural icon on the baseball diamond, swatting prodigious home runs and making World Series victories a rite of passage for the New York Yankees. In the prize ring, Jack Dempsey was pulverizing opponents as heavyweight champion of the world while gaining the adoration of countless fans. The gridiron could boast of Red Grange, the “Galloping Ghost” who established himself as the National Football League’s first superstar and was the key figure in the pro game realizing acceptance in mainstream America.

 

However, at the dawn of the 1920s, no athlete in the land was more revered than horse racing’s greatest marvel, the mighty Man o’ War. Ruth had charisma. Dempsey had power. Grange had speed. Man o’ War had all of those attributes. But instead of being a galloping ghost, Man o’ War was an equine freight train.

 

Regret 1957

   Regret was the first filly to win the Kentucky Derby. In fact, she won all her races at 2 and 3 and beat colts each time.

Sarazen 1957

   Mrs. Vanderbilt paid $35,000 for Sarazen at 2, and he quickly demonstrated his value by winning his next seven races. Sarazen was Horse of the Year in 1924 and 1925.

Sir Barton 1957

   Sir Barton began his career slowly with no wins as a 2-year-old, but he recovered well in his second season when he became the first winner of the Triple Crown.

Twenty Grand 1957

   Considered one of the best of his crop, Twenty Grand raced against excellent contemporaries, including Equipoise, Jamestown, and Mate.

Artful 1956

Artful raced in the days when horses could be “declared” to win a race, which meant if a stable entered multiple horses it would announced beforehand which runner the owner intended to win the event with.

 

Beldame 1956

One of the most accomplished fillies of all time, Beldame was a dark chestnut daughter of Octagon out of the Hermit mare Bella Donna.

Broomstick 1956

Bred at Col. Milton Young’s McGrathiana Stud in Kentucky, Broomstick was a small bay son of the great Ben Brush out of the Galliard mare Elf. He was included in a lot of 10 yearlings Col. Young sold for a total of $17,100 to Capt. Samuel S. Brown.

 

Colin 1956

Of all the great horses trained by the legendary James Rowe, undefeated Colin was the one he admired the most, stating the only words he wanted written on his headstone were “He trained Colin.”

Commando 1956

Bred and owned by James R. Keene, Commando was the most successful son of Domino, one of the finest runners of the 19th century.

Fair Play 1956

Fair Play was arguably the best colt August Belmont II ever raced in America. A chestnut son of Hastings out of the Bend Or mare Fair Gold, Fair Play set track records as a 3-year-old at both Belmont Park and Gravesend and later became a three-time leading sire.

 

Good and Plenty 1956

Regarded as the top American steeplechaser of the early 1900s, Good and Plenty arrived at the races as a 4-year-old in 1904 and won seven consecutive jump events that year, including the Westbury Steeplechase and Champion Steeplechase Handicap at Morris Park, the richest steeplechase of the season.

 

Luke Blackburn 1956

James McLaughin, one of the finest jockeys of the 19th century, piloted several of the best horses of that century, including Hindoo, Hanover, Kingston, Salvator, Miss Woodford and Firenze. McLaughlin, however, always considered Luke Blackburn to be the best of his mounts.

 

Peter Pan 1956

Bred and raced by James R. Keene, Peter Pan was a son of Belmont Stakes winner Commando out of Cinderella, a daughter of 1867 Epsom Derby winner Hermit.

 

Roseben 1956

   Roseben was known for his incredible sprint and weight-carrying abilities. In fact, he was nicknamed The Big Train on account of his skill in carrying high weights.

Sysonby 1956

    A small, plain looking colt, Sysonby was not immediately recognized as the superb racehorse he would become. But when he reached the track, he lost only one race in two years of competition.

Ben Brush 1955

Purchased for $1,200 as a yearling by Ed Brown and Eugene Leigh, Ben Brush won the Kentucky Derby in 1896 and was the top handicapper in America the following year.

 

Boston 1955

Long before Man o’ War, Citation, Kelso or Secretariat arrived on the scene there was an equine sensation by the name of Boston that was the undisputed champion of American thoroughbred racing.

Domino 1955

Known as one of the great speed horses of the 19th century, Domino was bred by Maj. Barak G. Thomas at his Hira Villa Stud near Lexington, Ky. A dark bay, almost black son of Himyar out of the Enquirer mare Mannie Gray, Domino was purchased as a yearling for $3,000 by James R. Keene and Foxhall Keene and turned over to trainer William “Billy” Lakeland and jockey Fred Taral, who rode him in all but one of his 25 career starts.

 

Hanover 1955

Purchased for $1,350 as a yearling by Phil and Mike Dwyer, Hanover won the first 17 races of his career and retired after the 1889 season as America’s greatest money earner.

 

Hindoo 1955

Any conversation about the greatest racehorses of the 19th century has to include the mighty Hindoo. A bay colt by Virgil out of the Lexington mare Florence, Hindoo was bred by Daniel Swigert at Stockwell Farm in Kentucky. By the time he concluded his career in 1882, Hindoo had won 30 of 35 starts — including 18 consecutive victories during his 3-year-old season — and established a new record for career earnings at $71,875. Twenty-six of his wins were in stakes races.

 

Kingston 1955

Kingston won an all-time record 89 races during his nine years of competition and retired in 1894 with career earnings of $140,195, which was the highest total in history at the time.

 

Lexington 1955

Lexington was the finest racehorse of his day and his prowess as a stallion is unmatched in the annals of American thoroughbred racing, as the sport’s leading sire a record 16 years.

 

Salvator 1955

   Salvator was bred by Daniel Swigert and then sold to James Ben Ali Haggin for $4,500. Haggin's chestnut colt was sired by Prince Charlie out of the mare Salina, by Lexington.

Sir Archy 1955

   Sir Archy was bred by Capt. Archibald Randolph and Col. John Tayloe III. He had several owners including Col. William R. Johnson at 3 and 4.