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Hall of Fame - Horses

Namesort descending Inducted Biography
A.P. Indy 2000

A Grade 1 winner as a 2-year-old, A.P. Indy won three Grade 1 races at age 3 — the Santa Anita Derby, Belmont Stakes and Breeders’ Cup Classic —  en route to Horse of the Year honors in 1992.

Ack Ack 1986

Named after the guns of war, Ack Ack was the final horse bred and raced by Harry Guggenheim.

Affectionately 1989

A winner of 18 stakes races, Affectionately was a dark bay daughter of Swaps out of the War Admiral mare Searching.

Affirmed Affirmed 1980

Affirmed became America’s 11th Triple Crown winner in 1978 during the first of his back-to-back Horse of the Year campaigns.

All Along 1990

French-bred filly All Along won four major races in the span of 41 days during 1983 en route to becoming the first foreign-based horse to be voted Horse of the Year in the United States.

Alsab 1976

Alsab proved to be one of the greatest bargains in racing history.

Alydar Alydar 1989

Bred and campaigned by Calumet Farm and trained by John Veitch, Alydar won 11 stakes races in his career and finished second to Affirmed in each of the Triple Crown races in 1978.

 

Alysheba Alysheba 1993

Alysheba was a champion as a 3-year-old, Horse of the Year at age 4 and retired with the highest purse earnings in the history of the sport.

 

American Eclipse 1970

In 1814, a quarter-century after the death of the undefeated English racehorse Eclipse, Gen. Nathaniel Coles of Queens County, N.Y., bred a chestnut colt he thought was destined for greatness and named him American Eclipse.

 

Ancient Title Ancient Title 2008

A homebred for William and Ethel Kirkland, Ancient Title won 20 stakes, including 17 graded events, in seven years of competition.

Armed Armed 1963

Armed was not an instant sensation as a racehorse. A son of Bull Lea out of the Chance Shot mare Armful, Armed was small, headstrong and averse to being trained.

Artful 1956

Artful raced in the days when horses could be “declared” to win a race, which meant if a stable entered multiple horses it would announced beforehand which runner the owner intended to win the event with.

 

Arts and Letters Arts and Letters 1994

Bred in Virginia by Paul Mellon and trained by Elliot Burch, Arts and Letters enjoyed a magical season in 1969, winning several of the most prestigious races in America.

 

Ashado Ashado 2014

A force as a juvenile and a champion at ages 3 and 4, Ashado was a model of consistent excellence on the racetrack.

 

Assault 1964

Bred in Texas by King Ranch, Assault was a son of 1936 Kentucky Derby and Preakness Stakes winner Bold Venture out of the Equipoise mare Igual.

Azeri Azeri 2010

Bred in Kentucky by Allen E. Paulson, Azeri was one of the most accomplished thoroughbreds of the 21st century’s first decade, finishing her career with 12 Grade 1 victories.

Battleship 1969

Battleship was the first winner of the English Grand National owned and bred by an American. Foaled in 1927 at Walter J. Salmon’s Mereworth Farm in Kentucky, Battleship was a son of Man o’ War out of the Sea Sick mare Quarantaine.

 

Bayakoa, Laffit Pincay, Jr., up Bayakoa 1998

A bay daughter of Consultants Bid out of the Good Manners mare Arlucea, Bayakoa won back-to-back editions of the Breeders’ Cup Distaff in 1989 and 1990 and was named Champion Older Female in each of those seasons.

 

Bed o' Roses 1976

A bay filly by Rosemont out of the Discovery mare Good Thing, Bed o’ Roses was the top 2-year-old filly of 1949 and the best older mare of 1951.

 

Beldame 1956

One of the most accomplished fillies of all time, Beldame was a dark chestnut daughter of Octagon out of the Hermit mare Bella Donna.

Ben Brush 1955

Purchased for $1,200 as a yearling by Ed Brown and Eugene Leigh, Ben Brush won the Kentucky Derby in 1896 and was the top handicapper in America the following year.

 

Ben Nevis II 2009

Named for a mountain in Scotland, Ben Nevis II became the third American-based horse — joining Battleship and Jay Trump — to win the historic Grand National Steeplechase at Aintree, England, accomplishing the feat at odds of 40-1 in 1980.

 

Best Pal 2010

Best Pal won 17 stakes races — including the inaugural running of the Pacific Classic — and retired as the all-time earnings leader among California-breds with $5,668,245.

 

Bewitch 1977

One of Bull Lea’s three Hall of Fame foals from the crop of 1945 — along with Citation and Coaltown — Bewitch retired in 1951 with the highest career earnings of any female racehorse at $462,605.

 

Billy Kelly 2015

Billy Kelly was an overshadowed stablemate of America’s first Triple Crown winner, Sir Barton, and as a result did not receive the notoriety his accomplishments likely would have commanded under different circumstances.

 

The Blood Horse Bimelech 1990

Undefeated as a 2-year-old, Bimelech won the Preakness Stakes and Belmont Stakes in 1940 and went on to enjoy a successful career as a stallion.

 

Black Gold 1989

According to legend, Al Hoots had a vision as he was dying that his mare Useeit would be bred to Col. E. R. Bradley’s stallion Black Toney and that the resulting foal would win the Kentucky Derby.

 

Black Helen Black Helen 1991

A diminutive filly who stood barely 15 hands and weighed only about 900 pounds during her racing days, Black Helen was proof good things can come in small packages.

 

Blue Larkspur 1957

Blue Larkspur is considered the best of the 128 stakes winners bred by his owner, Col. E. R. Bradley, at Idle Hour Stock Farm.

 

Bold 'n Determined 1997

Bold ’n Determined was a precocious 2-year-old, winning all four of her starts as a juvenile in 1979, but that was only the beginning for this standout as she won from coast to coast as a sophomore the following year and proved to be an excellent handicapper as a 4-year-old.

 

Bold Ruler 1973

A son of Nasrullah out of the Discovery mare Miss Disco, Bold Ruler was bred and raced by Gladys Mills Phipps’ Wheatley Stable and foaled at Claiborne Farm in Paris, Ky.

Bon Nouvel 1976

Bon Nouvel — meaning “good news” in French — was the stop steeplechaser in North America in 1964, 1965 and 1968.

Boston 1955

Long before Man o’ War, Citation, Kelso or Secretariat arrived on the scene there was an equine sensation by the name of Boston that was the undisputed champion of American thoroughbred racing.

Bowl of Flowers 2004

From the spring of her 2-year-old campaign in 1960 through her final race the following year, Bowl of Flowers was at the top of her class.

 

Broomstick 1956

Bred at Col. Milton Young’s McGrathiana Stud in Kentucky, Broomstick was a small bay son of the great Ben Brush out of the Galliard mare Elf. He was included in a lot of 10 yearlings Col. Young sold for a total of $17,100 to Capt. Samuel S. Brown.

 

Buckpasser 1970

The product of superior breeding, Buckpasser fulfilled the great promise of his impressive pedigree.

Busher 1964

A small chestnut daughter of Triple Crown winner War Admiral out of the Bubbling Over mare Baby league, Busher was bred at Col. E. R. Bradley’s famed Idle Hour Stock Farm and raced in Bradley’s colors as a 2-year-old.

 

Bushranger 1967

Originally intended to be a flat racer, Bushranger made his mark when converted to a steeplechaser as a 4-year-old. He went on to become one of the sport's most prolific jumpers.

 

Cafe Prince 1985

Bred in California, two-time Eclipse Award winner Café Prince was purchased by George Strawbridge Jr. for $17,000 at the Saratoga Yearling Sales in 1971. He went on to win the American Grand National, two editions of the Colonial Cup, International Gold Cup and Lovely Night Steeplechase and set course records at Saratoga and Fair Hill while racing through age 10.

 

Carry Back 1975

At the time of his retirement, Carry Back ranked fourth all time in earnings with $1,241,165, trailing only Round Table, Kelso and Nashua.

 

Cavalcade 1993

Bred in New Jersey by F. Wallis Armstrong, Cavalcade raced for Mrs. Isabel Dodge Sloane’s Brookmeade Stable after being purchased for $1,200 at the 1932 Saratoga yearling sales upon the advice of trainer Robert A. Smith.

 

Challedon 1977

Bred in Maryland by William L. Brann and Robert S. Castle, Challedon was recognized as Horse of the Year in 1939 and 1940.

 

Chris Evert 1988

Chris Evert was bred in Kentucky by Echo Valley Farm and purchased by Carl Rosen, owner of the clothing manufacturer Puritan Fashions Corp. Rosen named the daughter of Swoon’s Son after the emerging tennis star he had recently signed to endorse his company’s line of sportswear.

 

Cicada 1967

A champion at ages 2, 3 and 4, Cicada was known as America’s “Queen of the Turf” during her heyday from 1961 through 1963.

 

Cigar 2002

Named after a navigational intersection for airplanes by aerospace magnate Allen Paulson, Cigar was foaled at Country Life Farm near Bel Air, Md. After enjoying modest success early in his career, Cigar won back-to-back Horse of the Year awards, compiled a 16-race win streak and retired with the all-time record for purse earnings in North America.

 

Citation 1959

Bred and owned by Calumet Farm, Citation became America’s eighth Triple Crown winner in 1948, fashioned a 16-race win streak and was the first horse with $1 million in career earnings.

 

Clifford Clifford 2014

Upon his retirement in 1897, the New York Times described Clifford as “one of the most brilliant performers the American turf has ever known.”

 

Coaltown 1983

Known for his extraordinary speed, Calumet Farm’s Coaltown equaled three world records and broke four track records during his four-year career.

 

Colin 1956

Of all the great horses trained by the legendary James Rowe, undefeated Colin was the one he admired the most, stating the only words he wanted written on his headstone were “He trained Colin.”

Commando 1956

Bred and owned by James R. Keene, Commando was the most successful son of Domino, one of the finest runners of the 19th century.

Cougar II 2006

Bred in Chile, Cougar II was a major stakes winner in his home country before enjoying success on both dirt and turf in America and winning the 1972 Eclipse Award for Champion Grass Horse.

Count Fleet 1962

America’s sixth Triple Crown winner, Count Fleet was a son of 1928 Kentucky Derby winner Reigh Count out of the Haste mare Quickly.

 

Crusader 1995

Bred and owned by Sam Riddle, Crusader was sired by Man o’ War out of the Star Shoot mare Star Fancy. Crusader was recognized as Horse of the Year in 1926 and became the first horse to win consecutive runnings of the Suburban Handicap.

 

Curlin Curlin 2014

Named in honor of a slave who fought in the Civil War, Curlin made his career debut as a 3-year-old in February 2007 with a dazzling 12¾-length victory at Gulfstream Park. The scintillating performance prompted a private purchase by a partnership headed by majority shareholder Jess Jackson of Stonestreet Stables.

 

Dahlia 1981

Bred and owned by Texas oilman Nelson Bunker Hunt, Dahlia earned international fame for her ability to beat the boys in some of the most prestigious races in North America and Europe.

 

Damascus 1974

Damascus was named Horse of the Year and set a single-season earnings record in 1967 when he turned in one of the most impressive seasons by a 3-year-old colt in racing history.

 

Dance Smartly 2003

Dance Smartly was the second filly to win the Canadian Triple Crown and the first Canadian-bred horse to win a Breeders’ Cup race.

 

Dark Mirage 1974

Regarded as small, scrawny and cheap, Dark Mirage overcame humble beginnings to become the first New York Filly Triple Crown winner during her brilliant 1968 campaign.

 

Davona Dale 1985

Davona Dale helped resurrect the glory days for Calumet Farm with her sensational 1979 campaign in which she won the old Filly Triple Crown consisting of the Kentucky Oaks, Black-Eyed Susan and Coaching Club American Oaks as well as the New York Filly Triple, taking the Acorn and Mother Goose to compliment her CCAO victory.

 

Desert Vixen 1979

An Eclipse Award winner at ages 3 and 4, the front-running Desert Vixen was purchased for $40,000 as a 2-year-old by Harry Mangurian, Jr, from the estate of breeder Muriel Vanderbilt Adams.

Devil Diver 1980

Bred and campaigned by Greentree Stable, Devil Diver overcame a foot defect to thrive at a variety of distances under demanding weight assignments.

 

Discovery 1969

Purchased late in his 2-year-old year by Alfred G. Vanderbilt II, Discovery came into his own as a 3-year-old in 1934 and dominated the handicap division the next two years.

 

Domino 1955

Known as one of the great speed horses of the 19th century, Domino was bred by Maj. Barak G. Thomas at his Hira Villa Stud near Lexington, Ky. A dark bay, almost black son of Himyar out of the Enquirer mare Mannie Gray, Domino was purchased as a yearling for $3,000 by James R. Keene and Foxhall Keene and turned over to trainer William “Billy” Lakeland and jockey Fred Taral, who rode him in all but one of his 25 career starts.

 

Dr. Fager 1971

Dr. Fager recorded one of the greatest campaigns in the annals of American racing when he was named Horse of the Year, Champion Older Horse, Champion Grass Horse and Champion Sprinter in 1968.

 

Duke of Magenta 2011

Foaled at Kentucky’s famed Woodburn Stud, Duke of Magenta was one of the most accomplished sons of the legendary stallion Lexington and turned in one of the most prolific campaigns of the 19th century as a 3-year-old in 1878.

 

Easy Goer 1997

A nine-time Grade 1 winner, Easy Goer ran the second-fastest Belmont Stakes in history and set the record for the fastest mile by a 3-year-old in racing history.

 

Eight Thirty 1994

Bred and owned by George D. Widener, Eight Thirty showed promise as a 2-year-old by winning the Christiana Stakes and Flash Stakes before coming into his own midway through his 3-year-old campaign in 1939.

 

Elkridge 1966

America’s champion steeplechaser in 1942 and 1946, Elkridge won 31 races in his career and retired in 1951 at the age of 13 as the all-time leader in steeplechase earnings with $230,680.

 

Emperor of Norfolk 1988

Prior to the emergence of Swaps in the 1950s, Emperor of Norfolk was unquestionably the best racehorse to ever come out of California.

 

Equipoise 1957

Known as “The Chocolate Soldier,” the popular and gritty Equipoise was an outstanding 2-year-old and later became a top handicapper for three seasons during the 1930s even though he battled chronic foot ailments throughout his career.

 

Exceller 1999

A successful international runner on both dirt and turf, Exceller won stakes races in the United States, Canada, England and France and became the first horse to defeat two Triple Crown winners in the same race when he beat Seattle Slew and Affirmed in the 1978 Jockey Club Gold Cup.

 

Exterminator 1957

Exterminator never won a beauty contest, and he certainly didn’t dazzle in any conformation photos, but on the racetrack he was a gritty hero during a golden age in racing and one of the most triumphant warriors in the history of the American turf.

 

Fair Play 1956

Fair Play was arguably the best colt August Belmont II ever raced in America. A chestnut son of Hastings out of the Bend Or mare Fair Gold, Fair Play set track records as a 3-year-old at both Belmont Park and Gravesend and later became a three-time leading sire.

 

Fairmount 1985

Bred and owned by Joseph E. Widener, Fairmount was one of the top steeplechasers of the 1920s, winning three consecutive editions of the prestigious Temple Gwathmey Steeplechase.

 

Fashion 1980

Fashion was the undisputed Queen of the Turf in the 1840s and was described by historian John Hervey as “the greatest race mare ever produced in America.”

 

Firenze 1981

A standout distance runner who regularly defeated the top colts of her era, Firenze became the second American filly to earn $100,000 in her career. She twice lowered the clocking for the fastest 1½ miles on record and was a model of consistent excellence against top competition throughout her six-year career.

 

Flatterer 1994

Flatterer was the most dominant American steeplechaser of the 1980s, winning four consecutive Eclipse Awards from 1983 through 1986.

 

Flawlessly 2004

A nine-time Grade 1 winner and the Eclipse Award winner for Champion Grass Mare in 1992 and 1993, Flawlessly won three consecutive editions of both the Matriarch Stakes and Ramona Handicap during her illustrious career, as well as back-to-back runnings of the Beverly Hills Handicap.

 

Foolish Pleasure 1995

An undefeated Eclipse Award winner as a 2-year-old, Foolish Pleasure won the Kentucky Derby in 1975 and was a successful handicapper as a 4-year-old, winning the Donn Handicap and defeating Forego in the Suburban Handicap.

 

Forego 1979

A three-time Horse of the Year and winner of eight Eclipse Awards, Forego was one of the most accomplished and popular horses of the 1970s.

 

Fort Marcy 1998

A three-time grass champion, Fort Marcy was named Horse of the Year and Champion Older Male Horse by Daily Racing Form in 1970. He set three course records — all at 1½ miles — during his six-year career.  

 

Gallant Bloom 1977

Gallant Bloom, bred and owned by King Ranch’s Robert J. Kleberg, Jr., won a total of 12 stakes races in her career and posted a 12-race win streak stretching from her juvenile season into her 4-year-old campaign.

 

Gallant Fox 1957

America’s second Triple Crown winner, Gallant Fox set a single-season earnings record in 1930 that stood for 16 years and had the highest career purse earnings at the time of his retirement.

 

Gallant Man 1987

Gallant Man was one of the leaders of the outstanding crop of 3-year-olds of 1957 along with Bold Ruler, Round Table and Iron Liege. Bred in England by His Highness The Aga Khan III and Prince Aly Khan, Gallant Man was named for a horse in a Don Ameche movie.

 

Gallorette 1962

In a 1955 poll of trainers, Gallorette was voted the greatest filly in American racing history, beating the likes of Regret, Twilight Tear, Top Flight, Miss Woodford, Beldame and Bewitch.

 

Gamely 1980

Recognized as a champion each year she competed, Gamely stood 16.2 hands and her enormous size prevented her from being ready to race as a 2-year-old. Bred by Claiborne Farm and owned by William Haggin Perry, Gamely made a major impact as a sophomore in 1967 and also thrived at ages 4 and 5.

 

Genuine Risk 1986

The second filly to win the Kentucky Derby, Genuine Risk was selected from the 1978 Fasig-Tipton Kentucky July yearling sale by 14-year-old Matthew Firestone, whose parents, Bert and Diana Firestone, paid $32,000 for the chestnut by Exclusive Native.

 

Ghostzapper 2012

Bred in Kentucky by owner Frank Stronach at Adena Springs, Ghostzapper was one of the most spectacular racehorses of the 21st century’s first decade.

 

Go for Wand 1996

Known to give her racehorses unusual names, Jane du Pont Lunger of Christiana Stable came with Go for Wand from the obscure phrase, “going for a wand to protect yourself from an obeah or ‘voodoo’ curse.”

 

Goldikova 2017

For three consecutive years, the diminutive Goldikova made the Breeders’ Cup her personal playground to demonstrate to the world what an incredible and rare racehorse she was.

 

Good and Plenty 1956

Regarded as the top American steeplechaser of the early 1900s, Good and Plenty arrived at the races as a 4-year-old in 1904 and won seven consecutive jump events that year, including the Westbury Steeplechase and Champion Steeplechase Handicap at Morris Park, the richest steeplechase of the season.

 

Good Night Shirt 2017

One of the most dominant steeplechasers in the annals of American racing, Good Night Shirt thrived at the highest level of competition during consecutive Eclipse Award-winning campaigns as he built a legacy draped in historical significance.

 

Granville 1997

Recognized as Horse of the Year in 1936 — the first year of formal voting — Granville was a son of Triple Crown winner Gallant Fox out of the Sarmatian mare Gravita.

 

A homebred for the Belair Stud of William Woodward, Sr., Granville was trained by James “Sunny Jim” Fitzsimmons and arrived at the races as a 2-year-old in 1935. After four unsuccessful attempts, Granville broke his maiden Sept. 7, 1935 at Aqueduct for his only victory as a juvenile.

 

Grey Lag 1957

The legendary John Madden, one of the top breeders and trainers in American racing history, described Grey Lag as the best of the 182 stakes winners he bred. That’s an impressive statement considering Madden bred five Kentucky Derby winners, five Belmont Stakes winners and the first American Triple Crown champion.

 

Gun Bow 1999

 

Bred by Maine Chance Farm, Gun Bow was unraced as a 2-year-old because of soundness issues. In December 1962, he was purchased by Harry Albert and Mrs. John Stanley, who raced the son of Gun Shot under the name of Gedney Farms.

 

Hamburg 1986

Legendary jockey Tod Sloan, who rode hundreds of good horses in America and Europe, stated flatly: “Hamburg was the only great horse I ever rode.”

 

Hanover 1955

Purchased for $1,350 as a yearling by Phil and Mike Dwyer, Hanover won the first 17 races of his career and retired after the 1889 season as America’s greatest money earner.

 

Harry Bassett 2010

One of the greatest horses of the 1870s, Harry Bassett was a champion as a 2-year-old, an undefeated champion as a sophomore and a top handicapper at age 4. He won 14 races in a row and at one point won 17 of 18 starts.

 

Heavenly Prize 2018

Heavenly Prize announced her presence with authority as a 2-year-old, dominated her division as a sophomore Eclipse Award winner and maintained her excellent form in her third year on the track.

 

Henry of Navarre 1985

Bred in New Jersey by Lucien O. Appleby in 1891, Henry of Navarre was a son of 1884 Preakness Stakes winner Knight of Ellerslie. He was sold privately to Kentucky horseman Byron McClelland, who raced him in his green and gold silks at ages 2 and 3, while also serving as trainer.

 

Hill Prince 1991

Bred and owned by Christopher T. Chenery, Hill Prince won six of seven starts as a juvenile before a Horse of the Year campaign at age 3 and further success as an older horse.

 

Hindoo 1955

Any conversation about the greatest racehorses of the 19th century has to include the mighty Hindoo. A bay colt by Virgil out of the Lexington mare Florence, Hindoo was bred by Daniel Swigert at Stockwell Farm in Kentucky. By the time he concluded his career in 1882, Hindoo had won 30 of 35 starts — including 18 consecutive victories during his 3-year-old season — and established a new record for career earnings at $71,875. Twenty-six of his wins were in stakes races.

 

Holy Bull 2001

Horse of the Year and Champion 3-Year-Old Male in 1994, Holy Bull was bred in Florida by Rachel Carpenter’s Pelican Stable. He was owned and trained by Jimmy Croll after Carpenter died prior to the horse’s career debut in 1993 at Monmouth Park.

 

Housebuster 2013

The first horse in more than 20 years to win consecutive division championships as a sprinter, Housebuster was known for decimating his competition by wide margins.

 

Imp 1965

Bred in Ohio and nicknamed “My Coal Black Lady” after a popular song of the era, Imp won 62 races in her six years on the turf and earned lasting fame as the first mare to win the Suburban Handicap.

 

Inside Information 2008

Bred and owned by Ogden Mills “Dinny” Phipps, Inside Information was named the Eclipse Award winner for Champion Older Female in 1995 when she won five graded stakes, including a 13½-length victory in the Breeders’ Cup Distaff at Belmont Park in her final career start.

 

Invasor 2013

Described as a “once in a lifetime” horse by trainer Kiaran McLaughlin, Invasor defined himself as an elite thoroughbred by winning in three countries, at seven tracks and in some of the world’s most prestigious races.

 

Jay Trump 1971

Jay Trump was a true rags-to-riches story, rising from the claiming ranks as a flat racer to winning some of the most prestigious prizes as a steeplechaser, including the famed English Grand National and three editions of the Maryland Hunt Cup.

 

John Henry 1990

John Henry was an undersized gelding that lacked ideal conformation and the product of an undistinguished sire out of an obscure mare. Sold for $1,100 at Keeneland in January of 1976, John Henry outran his pedigree in an astonishing career that resulted in him becoming one of the most accomplished and popular racehorses of the 20th century with career earnings of $6,951,860, which set an all-time record.

 

Johnstown 1992

Bred in Kentucky by Arthur B. Hancock, Sr. at Claiborne Farm, Johnstown was a bay son of Jamestown out of the Sir Gallahad III mare La France. Owned by William Woodward, Sr. and campaigned under his Belair Stud banner, Johnstown won both the Kentucky Derby and Belmont Stakes during an outstanding sophomore season in 1939.

 

Jolly Roger 1965

A flashy chestnut with four white stockings and a broad blaze, Jolly Roger developed from a nondescript flat racer into one of the top steeplechasers of the 20th century.

 

Kelso 1967

Named Horse of the Year for five consecutive years from 1960 through 1964, Kelso was one of the most accomplished and unique thoroughbreds in the annals of American racing.

 

Kentucky 1983

As some of the darkest days of the Civil War brought widespread death and destruction to the South, an equine hero was rising to prominence at the new Saratoga Race Course in upstate New York. Although most things that hailed from the South at the time were regarded with contempt in the North, the remarkable racehorse Kentucky proved to be an exception.

 

Kingston 1955

Kingston won an all-time record 89 races during his nine years of competition and retired in 1894 with career earnings of $140,195, which was the highest total in history at the time.

 

L'Escargot 1977

Bred in Ireland, L’Escargot was America’s champion steeplechaser in 1969 when he won the Meadow Brook Handicap at Belmont in record time, but his greatest achievement took place six years later when he won England’s prestigious Grand National at the age of 12. In between, he won consecutive editions of the Cheltenham Gold Cup and earned a reputation as a crowd favorite.

 

La Prevoyante 1995

Bred in Canada by Jean-Louis Levesque, La Prevoyante was a champion in her home country as well as the United States. Undefeated in 12 starts as a juvenile in 1972, La Prevoyante won the Eclipse Award for Champion 2-Year-Old Filly, as well as the corresponding Sovereign Award that year, and was also named Canadian Horse of the Year.

 

Lady's Secret 1992

Weighing only about 900 pounds, Lady’s Secret was small in stature, but proved to be an extraordinary racehorse nonetheless. Bred by Robert H. Spreen at Lucas Farm in Oklahoma, Lady’s Secret was purchased for $200,000 by Mr. and Mrs. Eugene Klein and sent to trainer D. Wayne Lukas.

 

Lava Man 2015

The story of Lava Man is a rags-to-riches tale of a former claimer that began his career at a county fair and went on to defy the odds and become one of the most successful and popular racehorses of the first decade of the 21st century.

 

Lexington 1955

Lexington was the finest racehorse of his day and his prowess as a stallion is unmatched in the annals of American thoroughbred racing, as the sport’s leading sire a record 16 years.

 

Lonesome Glory 2005

The first steeplechase horse to win five Eclipse Awards and the first to earn more than $1 million, Lonesome Glory was the most dominant American jumper of the 1990s, as he was named champion in 1992, 1993, 1995, 1997 and 1999.

 

Longfellow 1971

Longfellow was referred to as the “King of the Turf” during the 1870s. Racing historian Walter Vosburgh said Longfellow was “beyond question the most celebrated horse of the 1870s. No other horse of his day was a greater object of public notice. His entire career was sensational; people seemed to regard him as a superhorse.”

 

Luke Blackburn 1956

James McLaughin, one of the finest jockeys of the 19th century, piloted several of the best horses of that century, including Hindoo, Hanover, Kingston, Salvator, Miss Woodford and Firenze. McLaughlin, however, always considered Luke Blackburn to be the best of his mounts.

 

Lure 2013

Lure set a track record in his career debut on the dirt at Belmont Park, but it was the son of Danzig’s prowess on the turf, highlighted by consecutive Breeders' Cup Mile victories, that led to his

Majestic Prince 1988

The first horse to win both the Kentucky Derby and Preakness Stakes while undefeated, Majestic Prince also achieved fame as a record-priced auction yearling.

 

Bred in Kentucky by Spendthrift Farm’s Leslie Combs II, Majestic Price was purchased for $250,000 by Canadian oilman Frank McMahon at the 1967 Keeneland July yearling sale and sent to trainer Johnny Longden, formerly one of America’s most accomplished jockeys.

 

Man o' War 1957

The 1920s are considered a golden age for sports heroes in America. Babe Ruth emerged as a cultural icon on the baseball diamond, swatting prodigious home runs and making World Series victories a rite of passage for the New York Yankees. In the prize ring, Jack Dempsey was pulverizing opponents as heavyweight champion of the world while gaining the adoration of countless fans. The gridiron could boast of Red Grange, the “Galloping Ghost” who established himself as the National Football League’s first superstar and was the key figure in the pro game realizing acceptance in mainstream America.

 

However, at the dawn of the 1920s, no athlete in the land was more revered than horse racing’s greatest marvel, the mighty Man o’ War. Ruth had charisma. Dempsey had power. Grange had speed. Man o’ War had all of those attributes. But instead of being a galloping ghost, Man o’ War was an equine freight train.

 

Manila 2008

Manila was a maiden three starts into his career when Bradley Shannon purchased the colt prior to his 3-year-old campaign. In his next 15 races, however, Manila won 12 times and never finished worse than second, winning an Eclipse Award and a Breeders’ Cup in the process.

 

Maskette 2001

Regarded as the top 2-year-old filly of 1908 and the best 3-year-old filly in 1909, Maskette never lost a race against her own gender.

 

McDynamo 2013

A winner of 11 Grade 1 steeplechase events, McDynamo retired in 2007 as the all-time leader in jump earnings with $1,310,104.

 

Miesque 1999

Bred in Kentucky, Miesque shined on the international stage in England and France, but it was her two epic performances in the Breeders’ Cup Mile that secured her legacy.

 

Miss Woodford 1967

A champion in each of her five years on the track and the first racehorse to surpass $100,000 in career earnings, Miss Woodford is considered to be among the finest American thoroughbreds of the 19th century.

 

Mom's Command 2007

Mom’s Command won her career debut on July 17, 1984 in the Faneuil Miss Stakes at Rockingham Park at odds of 44-to-1. A new star had unexpectedly arrived on the scene.

Myrtlewood 1979

Bred and raced by Brownell Combs, Myrtlewood set or equaled five track records and was recognized as champion sprinter and champion older female in 1926.

 

Nashua 1965

Bred by William Woodward, Sr. under his Belair Stud banner, Nashua was trained by James “Sunny Jim” Fitzsimmons, who won the Triple Crown twice for Belair in the 1930s with Gallant Fox and Omaha. Unfortunately, Woodward died in 1953 and never had the opportunity to see Nashua’s brilliance on the racetrack.

 

Native Dancer 1963

Known as the “Grey Ghost,” Native Dancer was one of the most prolific racehorses of the 20th century, winning 21 of his 22 lifetime starts and becoming the sport’s first television superstar. He appeared on the cover of Time magazine and was a fan favorite everywhere he raced.

 

Native Diver 1978

The first California-bred to earn $1 million and the winner of 34 stakes races in his seven-year career, Native Diver became one of the most popular and successful geldings in American racing history.

 

Needles 2000

The first Florida-bred to win the Kentucky Derby, Needles was a crowd favorite known to come from far off the pace to win in thrilling style.

 

Neji 1966

America’s most prolific steeplechaser in the 1950s, Neji was bred at Marion du Pont Scott’s Montpelier in Virginia. A chestnut gelding, Neji was sold as a weanling to Rigan McKinney, who resold him as a maiden 3-year-old to Mrs. Ogden Phipps.

 

Noor 2002

Noor’s eventual greatness on the racetrack was anything but predictable, as he hardly seemed destined to become an elite racehorse while competing without distinction for the Aga Khan in England early in his career.

 

Northern Dancer 1976

A hero on the racetrack and a legend as a stallion, Northern Dancer won major races such as the Kentucky Derby and Preakness Stakes and had a monumental impact on the sport through the remarkable success of his progeny.

 

Oedipus 1978

Bred by the late Col. E. R. Bradley’s Idle Hour Stock Farm, Oedipus was America’s champion steeplechaser in 1950 and 1951 and shared the honor in 1952 with Jam.

 

Old Rosebud 1968

Old Rosebud was the undisputed king of the comeback.

 

In a career that spanned almost a decade, Old Rosebud displayed his fierce competitive nature and the courage of a champion time and again by overcoming a series of significant injuries to become one of the greatest racehorses in the annals of American racing.

 

Omaha 1965

Bred and raced by William Woodward, Sr., Omaha became America’s third Triple Crown winner when he achieved the feat in 1935. A son of 1930 Triple Crown winner Gallant Fox, also bred and owned by Woodward, Omaha was trained by “Sunny Jim” Fitzsimmons.

 

Open Mind 2011

A two-time Eclipse Award winner, Open Mind was a chestnut filly bred in New Jersey by Due Process Stables. Trained by D Wayne Lukas, Open Mind won seven Grade 1 races in her career and fashioned a 10-race win streak.

 

Pan Zareta 1972

One of the most durable and consistent racehorses in the sport’s history, Pan Zareta won 76 races, more than any filly or mare in history. Her remarkable exploits included carrying 130 pounds or more 28 times and setting or equaling 11 track records.

 

Parole 1984

Revered as an equine hero in both America and England, the mighty Parole cemented his legacy as one of the finest racehorses of the 19th century during a fascinating 11-year career that was defined by durability, determination and a series of masterful performances in marquee events.

 

Paseana 2001

Imported from Argentina as a 4-year-old in 1991, Paseana became a two-time Eclipse Award winner under the care of trainer Ron McAnally.

 

Personal Ensign 1993

The Eclipse Award winner for Champion Older Female in 1988, Personal Ensign went undefeated in 13 career starts from 1986 through 1988.

 

Peter Pan 1956

Bred and raced by James R. Keene, Peter Pan was a son of Belmont Stakes winner Commando out of Cinderella, a daughter of 1867 Epsom Derby winner Hermit.

 

Planet 2012

Following the retirement of the great Lexington, Maj. Thomas Doswell’s Planet was considered the finest racehorse in America in the years leading up to the Civil War.

 

Point Given 2010

Named Horse of the Year in 2001, Point Given became the first thoroughbred to win four consecutive $1 million races when he won the Preakness, Belmont, Haskell and Travers in succession that year.

Preakness 2018

When the Preakness Stakes was first contested in 1873, the race’s namesake was still in the prime of his remarkable career.

 

One of the most accomplished and beloved racehorses of the 19th century, Preakness was a 6-year-old when the inaugural race in his honor was won by Survivor at Pimlico Race Course in Baltimore. At the time, Preakness had already won some of the era’s most prestigious events ꟷ the Dinner Party Stakes, Westchester Cup and Maturity Stakes, among others ꟷ and many of his greatest achievements were still to come.

 

Precisionist 2003

Bred and owned by Fred W. Hooper, Precisionist was a versatile campaigner, blessed with the speed of a sprinter and the ability to handle longer distances. Named the Eclipse Award winner for Outstanding Sprinter in 1985, Precisionist won a total of 13 graded stakes, including six Grade 1 events.

 

Princess Doreen 1982

At the time of her retirement in 1927, Princess Doreen was the greatest money-earning filly or mare of all time with $174,745 earned in 94 career starts.

 

Princess Rooney 1991

Described by trainer Neil Drysdale as a “big, strong, plain Amazon of a gray mare,” Princess Rooney was a model of consistent excellence throughout her career, finishing off the board only once in 21 starts. She won an Eclipse Award and eight graded races, including six Grade 1 events.

 

Rachel Alexandra 2016

Rachel Alexandra decimated the Kentucky Oaks field by an astonishing 20¼ lengths … she became the first filly to win the Preakness Stakes in 85 years … she romped by 19¼ lengths in a record-setting Mother Goose performance … she crushed the Belmont Stakes winner during a tour-de-force effort in the Haskell … and for the cherry on top she delivered a spine-tingling performance that was all heart in winning a historic edition of the Woodward at Saratoga.

 

Real Delight 1987

Bred and owned by Calumet Farm, Real Delight missed her 2-year-old season because of injury, but made up for the lost time with one of the top 3-year-old filly campaigns in American racing history.

 

Regret 1957

   Regret was the first filly to win the Kentucky Derby. In fact, she won all her races at 2 and 3 and beat colts each time.

Reigh Count 1978

Bred by Willis Sharpe Kilmer, Reigh Count was one of the first horses purchased by Mrs. John D. Hertz. A chestnut son of Sunreigh out of the Count Schomberg mare Contessina, Reigh Count was one of the top racehorses of the late 1920s.

 

Riva Ridge 1998

A two-time Eclipse Award winner, Riva Ridge was bred in Kentucky by Christopher Chenery’s Meadow Stud. A bay son of First Landing out of the Heliopolis mare Iberia, Riva Ridge was trained by Lucien Laurin and ridden primarily by Ron Turcotte.

 

Roamer 1981

Gifted with extraordinary speed and weight-carrying ability, Roamer was one of the most accomplished, durable and popular racehorses of his era. An unplanned mating between a farm teaser and a blind mare produced the unlikely success story of the legendary gelding.

 

Roseben 1956

Standing 17.3 hands at maturity, Roseben was a giant on the racetrack and one of the most accomplished thoroughbreds of the early 1900s.

 

Round Table 1972

At the time of his retirement in 1959, Round Table was the sport’s all-time leading money earner. He had been named Horse of the Year in 1958, grass champion three consecutive years (1957 through 1959) and handicap champion twice (1958 and 1959. He was also the horse that literally saved Claiborne Farm.

 

Ruffian 1976

One of the most brilliant fillies of the 20th century, Ruffian was a two-time Eclipse Award winner and undefeated in 10 career starts until tragically breaking down in a match race with Kentucky Derby winner Foolish Pleasure.

 

Ruthless 1975

The most accomplished of the famed “Barbarous Battalion,” Ruthless earned her high place in racing history by winning the inaugural edition of the Belmont Stakes in 1867 and the fourth running of the Travers Stakes later that summer.

 

Safely Kept 2011

One of the most accomplished and consistent sprinters of her era, Safely Kept was the pride of Maryland and a star everywhere she competed.

 

Salvator 1955

The top horse in America in 1889 and 1890, Salvator won 16 of his final 17 career starts to secure his legacy as one of the finest thoroughbreds of the 19th century.

 

Sarazen 1957

Regarded as the top racehorse in America in 1924 and 1925, Sarazen was a 15-hand gelded son of High Time out of the Box mare Rush Box. Bred by Dr. Marius E. Johnston, Sarazen was owned early in his career by Col. Phil T. Chinn before being sold to Mrs. W. K. Vanderbilt III and trained by Max Hirsch after three starts as a 2-year-old.

 

Seabiscuit 1958

In a true rags-to-riches story, Seabiscuit began his career with 17 consecutive losses before becoming one of the most successful and beloved horses in racing history, as well as a symbol of hope to many downtrodden Americans during the Great Depression.

 

Searching 1978

Searching did not find immediate success as a racehorse, losing the first 20 starts of her career. However, once in the care of trainer Hirsch Jacobs, the bay daughter of War Admiral out of the Black Toney mare Big Hurry became a stakes winner each year from 1955 through 1958.

 

Seattle Slew 1981

America’s 10th Triple Crown winner and the first to complete the series with an undefeated career record, Seattle Slew was Horse of the Year in 1977 and an Eclipse Award winner in each of his three years on the racetrack.

 

Secretariat 1974

Secretariat became the first Triple Crown winner in 25 years when he swept the 1973 Kentucky Derby, Preakness Stakes and Belmont Stakes, winning each race in record time. In the process, the son of Bold Ruler became an American icon and carved out an enduring legacy as one of the greatest racehorses in history.

 

Serena's Song 2002

A winner of 17 graded stakes and the 1995 Eclipse Award winner for Champion 3-Year-Old Filly, Serena’s Song was bred in Kentucky by Dr. Howard Baker and purchased for $150,000 as a yearling Bob and Beverly Lewis.

 

Shuvee 1975

One of the best and most durable mares of the 20th century, Shuvee won 15 major stakes in her career — at distances from eight furlongs to two miles — and retired with the highest earnings of any filly or more in American history.

 

Silver Charm 2007

Silver Charm came within three-quarters of a length of winning the Triple Crown in 1997 and was even better the following year. One of the most popular horses of the late 20th century, Silver Charm was a graded stakes winner in each of his four years on the track and thrilled fans with numerous gritty victories by narrow margins.

 

Silver Spoon 1978

Bred and campaigned by C. V. Whitney and trained for most of his career by Robert L. Wheeler, Silver Spoon dominated her own division on the West Coast for two years while also defeating good colts on multiple occasions.

 

Silverbulletday 2009

An Eclipse Award winner as a juvenile and sophomore, Silverbulletday won 13 graded stakes in her career, including five Grade 1 events.

 

Sir Archy 1955

Sir Archy, America’s first great thoroughbred stallion, was foaled in 1805 at Capt. Archibald Randolph’s Ben Lomond plantation along the James River in Virginia. In the hands of Col. William R. Johnson, Sir Archy became the champion four-mile horse of his day. Upon retirement to stud, he sent out a succession of champions, which essentially established the breed of the American thoroughbred.

 

Sir Barton 1957

Although he was America’s first Triple Crown winner, little was expected of Sir Barton during the early stages of his career.

 

Skip Away 2004

A winner of 16 graded stakes races and four Eclipse Awards, including Horse of the Year in 1998, Skip Away was one of the most popular and accomplished horses of the 1990s.

 

Sky Beauty 2011

A winner of 13 graded stakes, including nine Grade 1 events, Sky Beauty won the Eclipse Award for Champion Older Mare in 1994, a year after sweeping the New York Filly Triple Crown as part of a five-race win streak.

 

Slew o' Gold 1992

Bred in Kentucky by Claiborne Farm, Slew o’ Gold was a two-time Eclipse Award winner from the first crop of Triple Crown winner Seattle Slew.

 

Spectacular Bid 1982

An Eclipse Award winner in each of his three seasons, Spectacular Bid won at 15 different racetracks in nine different states, broke seven track records, had win streaks of 12 and 10, respectively, and was described by his trainer as “the greatest horse to ever look through a bridle.”

 

Stymie 1975

Bred by Max Hirsch at King Ranch in Texas, Stymie was a classic story of persistence and an underdog overcoming long odds. Claimed early in his career for $1,500 by trainer Hirsch Jacobs, Stymie lost his first 13 career starts and had only seven wins in 57 races by the end of his 3-year-old campaign. Jacobs partnered with Isidor Bieber in Stymie’s ownership with the horse competing in the silks of Mrs. Jacobs. The Bieber-Jacobs Stable campaigned many successful horses, but none as accomplished as Stymie. By the time he retired in 1949, Stymie was one of the most beloved horses in American racing and owned the record for career earnings.

 

Sun Beau Sun Beau 1996

Bred and owned by Willis Sharpe Kilmer, Sun Beau competed at 15 different tracks and was conditioned by nine trainers in his five-year career. He won under as much as 132 pounds and was regarded as champion older male in 1929, 1930 and 1931.

 

Sunday Silence 1996

Horse of the Year in 1989 when he won the Kentucky Derby, Preakness Stakes and Breeders’ Cup Classic — defeating rival Easy Goer each time — Sunday Silence finished first or second in all 14 of his career starts.

 

Susan's Girl 1976

A three-time Eclipse Award winner, Susan’s Girl was one of the top female racehorses of the 1970s and the first filly to surpass $1 million in earnings in North America. She won 24 stakes races in her career, including 12 graded events. Several more of her stakes victories came during her 3-year-old campaign of 1972, which was prior to the grading of races.

 

Swaps 1966

Swaps was so fast that he set a world record for a mile, a world record for a mile and 70 yards, a world record for 1 1/16 miles (and broke that one), equaled an American record for 1 3/16 miles on turf, set a world record for 1 5/8 miles and raced to three other track records — 10 in all — yet owner/breeder Rex Ellsworth said he never fully turned Swaps loose to see how fast he could run.

 

Swoon's Son 2007

A winner of 22 stakes races, Swoon’s Son defeated champions such as Round Table and Needles during his distinguished four-year career.

 

Sword Dancer 1977

A small chestnut bred in Virginia by Isabel Dodge Sloane’s Brookmeade Stable, Sword Dancer won only three times in 14 starts as a juvenile in 1958 before breaking through and emerging as Horse of the Year as a 3-year-old when he won six major stakes.

 

Sysonby 1956

A small bay colt owned by James R. Keene, Sysonby demonstrated his tremendous class at the outset of his career with a 10-length victory in his inaugural start. The wins continued throughout 1904 and 1905 — 14 victories and only one blemish among 15 starts — earning the son of Melton a reputation as one of the finest racehorses of the early 20th century.

 

Ta Wee 1994

Ta Wee, which means “beautiful girl” in the Sioux language, was the champion sprinter in 1969 and 1970.

Ten Broeck 1982

Ten Broeck set six American speed records during the 1870s at distances ranging from one to four miles.

 

Tim Tam 1985

Sired by Hall of Famer Tom Fool out of Hall of Fame mare Two Lea, Calumet Farm’s Tim Tam was bred for greatness. Only an injury in the Belmont Stakes prevented the dark bay colt from becoming Calumet’s third Triple Crown winner.

 

Tiznow 2009

The first horse to win consecutive runnings of the Breeders’ Cup Classic, Tiznow overcame a fractured bone in his left front leg and a slow start to his career to emerge as a true standout.

 

Tom Fool 1960

Bred in Kentucky by Duval A. Headley, Tom Fool was campaigned by Greentree Stable and made an immediate impact as a champion juvenile before dominating the sport two years later.

 

Tom Ochiltree 2016

Originally purchased for the bargain price of $500 by John F. Chamberlain at the 1873 Woodburn Stud Farm yearling sale, Tom Ochiltree was a massive bay colt who stood 17 hands when fully developed. One of the last great sons of the mighty stallion Lexington, Tom Ochiltree established himself as an elite runner in the 1870s, winning the 1875 Preakness Stakes and later several prestigious distance races for owner George Lorillard’s Westbrook Stable.

 

Top Flight 1966

Bred in Kentucky by Harry Payne Whitney and campaigned by his son, Cornelius Vanderbilt Whitney, Top Flight was sired by French stakes winner Dis Donc out of the Peter Pan mare Flyatit. Trained by Thomas J. Healey, Top Flight was the best filly of her generation as both a juvenile and sophomore.

 

Tosmah 1984

Bred in Kentucky by Eugene Mori, Tosmah was a bay daughter sired by Tim Tam out of the Cosmic Bomb mare Cosmah. A champion as a juvenile and sophomore, Tosmah also had success as an older mare, defeating the great filly Affectionately in 1965 and beating Kentucky Derby winner Lucky Debonair in 1966.

 

Tuscalee 2013

Tuscalee earned a special place in North American steeplechasing history by setting records for the most wins in a single year (10) and career (37).

 

Twenty Grand 1957

Bred and raced by Helen Hay Whitney’s Greentree Stable, Twenty Grand was Horse of the Year in 1931 when he won eight major stakes races, including the Kentucky Derby and Belmont.

 

Twilight Tear 1963

Bred and owned by Calumet Farm, Twilight Tear was a bay daughter of Bull Lea out of the Blue Larkspur mare Lady Lark. Named Co-Champion 2-Year-Old Filly, Twilight Tear dominated as a sophomore, putting together an 11-race win streak en route to being named Horse of the Year.

 

Two Lea 1982

Two Lea was somewhat overshadowed at the beginning of her career by her more famous Calumet Farm stablemates, including Citation, Coaltown, Bewitch and Armed. However, by the time she retired in 1952, Two Lea had established her own impressive legacy.

 

War Admiral 1958

The mighty Man o’ War sired several tremendous racehorses during his distinguished stallion career, but one son stood out from all others — War Admiral.

 

Whirlaway 1959

During the same year in which American sports fans were captivated by Joe DiMaggio’s 56-game hitting streak and Ted Williams batting .406, a four-legged superstar became equally as popular as baseball’s best batsmen. In 1941, the greatest sensation in thoroughbred racing was unquestionably Calumet Farm’s talented and quirky Whirlaway.

 

Whisk Broom II 1979

Whisk Broom II raced with some distinction in England, but it was his three scintillating performances in America — becoming the first horse to sweep the New York Handicap Triple Crown — that earned him lasting acclaim.

 

Winning Colors 2000

The Eclipse Award winner for Champion 3-Year-Old Filly in 1988, Winning Colors became the third filly to win the Kentucky Derby, joining fellow Hall of Famers Regret (1915) and Genuine Risk (1980) in the rarest of company.

 

Xtra Heat 2015

Sprinters, as a rule, aren’t asked to carry their speed very far, just very fast. Few were faster or more successful on the racetrack during the first decade of the 21st century, male or female, than champion filly Xtra Heat.

 

Zaccio 1990

Bred in Kentucky by Blue Bear Stud, Zaccio’s pedigree suggested he would be a good one. His sire, Lorenzaccio, was one of two horses to beat the great Nijinsky II, doing so in the 1970 Champion Stakes in England. Zaccio's dam, Delray Dancer, was by Hall of Famer Chateaugay, while her second dam was champion Parlo, the granddam of 1969 Horse of the Year and Hall of Fame member Arts and Letters.

 

Zenyatta 2016

Throughout her historic four years on the American turf, Zenyatta was affectionately known as “The Queen” by her most ardent fans, an appropriate moniker considering the way she ruled racing throughout her exceptional career.

 

Zev 1983

Zev didn’t break his maiden until his sixth career start, but once he figured out how to get to the winner’s circle he made a habit of it, registering a seven-race win streak and a pair of five-race win streaks in his distinguished career. He won some of the sport’s biggest prizes — including the Kentucky Derby and Belmont Stakes — and earned lasting acclaim as the first Derby winner to defeat an Epsom Derby winner.